Funny T-Shirts, Cool Graphic T-Shirts | Chummy Tees
t-shirt material

T-Shirt Blog»T-Shirt Styles & Materials»What is t shirt material called?

What is t shirt material called?

The primary material commonly used for t-shirts is cotton. However, several variations and blends, like combed cotton, slub cotton, and polyester fabrics, can impact the shirt's hand feel and quality. For a more comprehensive dive into t-shirt materials and their characteristics, keep reading below. 

This page includes:

Types of T-Shirt Fabrics

While cotton stands out as the predominant fabric for t-shirts, various types like organic cotton, regular cotton, and supima cotton exist. Cotton fibers are harvested from raw cotton, going through a manufacturing process that converts them into the soft feel we associate with quality t-shirts.

Polyester shirts, made from synthetic fabrics, have gained traction in the athletic apparel sector due to their ability to wick away sweat and dry faster. However, cotton-polyester blends have become popular, offering a balance between softness and functionality. Understanding the difference can help in making an informed decision when buying t-shirts.

  • Regular cotton: Affordable and widely available.
  • Supima cotton: Known for its premium quality and soft feel.
  • Polyester fabric: Ideal for athletic apparel due to its moisture-wicking properties.
  • Tri-blend fabric: A mixture of cotton, polyester, and rayon. Typically found on higher end tees and feels very soft and silky.

Importance of Fabric Weight and Yarn Count

Fabric weight is usually measured in GSM number or OZ/yard. A heavier fabric typically indicates a thicker tshirt, whereas a light fabric might be more suitable for warmer conditions or casual wear. Yarn count, on the other hand, relates to the fineness of the fabric and can impact its hand feel and appearance.

It's essential to recognize that a higher GSM or OZ/yard doesn't always mean better quality. It often depends on the intended use. For instance, heavy cotton might be desirable for colder months, while light fabric would be the choice for summer wear.

Fabric Type GSM Number Yarn Count
Regular Cotton 150 GSM 30s
Heavy Cotton 250 GSM 20s
Organic Cotton 180 GSM 28s

Fabric Weaves and Their Impact

Not all t-shirts are made the same. The weaving process called fabric weave can influence the t-shirt's texture. For instance, rib knits produce a ribbed pattern, which can offer a different aesthetic and feel. It's imperative to understand the weave as it can impact the tshirt's stretchability, durability, and overall comfort.

Another popular fabric is slub cotton, known for its unique texture and appearance. It's made by a process that varies the width of the cotton fibers, resulting in a fabric with a rough texture but a unique appearance. Recognizing these nuances can greatly influence purchasing decisions, especially for those who are particular about their t-shirt fabrics.

  • Rib knits: Creates a ribbed pattern, often found in athletic apparel.
  • Slub cotton: Known for its uneven texture but unique appearance.

t-shirt material closeup

Our thoughts, opinions, & experience with t shirt materials

We've been in the t-shirt industry for a while now, and when it comes to t-shirt materials, we have our preferences. Cotton, especially organic and supima varieties, offers that soft feel and premium quality we appreciate. The comfort it provides, especially for daily wear, is unmatched.

However, we also see the value in polyester shirts, especially for active lifestyles. They're breathable, quick-drying, and perfect for workouts. The cotton-polyester blends strike a nice balance, giving wearers the best of both worlds.

In the end, the material you choose is subjective. It depends on the individual's preferences, intended use, and budget. But understanding the differences can make the decision process smoother.

Want More?

If you're intrigued and want to learn more about t-shirt materials, styles, and trends, make sure to check out our t-shirt blog. We frequently update it with the latest in the t-shirt industry, so you're always in the know!

Your Turn

We'd love to hear from you! Share your thoughts, opinions, and experiences with t-shirt materials in the comments below. Whether you prefer cotton, polyester, or a blend – let us know. Your feedback helps us better cater to our audience and improve our product offerings.

Size Chart: